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Mr Amador Annabell

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We Use several names for the location where we perform our daily business. Snobs prefer the classic 'toilet', and Americans that the 'bathroom'--indicating a location where one might lie down and doze.

Despite Its supposed vulgarity, 'bathroom' is the term that has entered global parlance and conveys the flag in the proper literature. Aside from the French 'toilette', it links the notions of sanitationand grooming. Cultural ideas of cleanliness and personal advantage have driven flushing bathroom evolution more ardently than public health.

More than Time, there have been changes between 'dry' and 'wet' forms of excreta receptacle and disposal. The machine utilizing porcelain bowl, water-seal U-bend and pipes connection to a sewer just became more widespread in the West late in the 19th century. It gradually substituted the earth closet, privy, outhouse and other 'dry' systems, and revolutionized defecation by bringing it indoors.

Now's Need to get a sanitary revolution, together with the high prices of sewerage and the profligacy of using water for flushing means that 'ironic'--ecologically more correct, composting flushing toilet(Best flushing toilet the top 8 reviews 2018) models--have made a comeback.



Sir John Harington's layout for the very first water closet. In 1592, Sir John put this in his house near Bath to impress his godmother, Queen Elizabeth I. Harington hoped to make his fortune, and released a book: A New Discourse to a Stale Subject. His boast was to change your 'worst privy' to become 'as sweet as the very best room', but it didn't catch on. The water cistern is A, the chair D, the stool pot H; water was discharged in the cistern to a point just below the chair, and the key G opened the brass sluice K and then flushed the waste into the water beneath.



In The late 18th century, patents had been taken out by fresh leaders, such as Joseph Bramah (1778), whose pan together with valves was the first to achieve commercial success. The more famous Thomas Crapper (1835-1910) was not technologically innovative, but strikingly effective as a non invasive entrepreneur. Valve WCs became regular fitments from the mid-1800s; however, their workings were complicated and liable to fouling or breakdown. Worse, the amount of waterborne detritus introduced into insufficient drains jeopardized public health: the 19th-century flush toilet really contributed to epidemics of harmful disorder until proper sewerage came along.



Sewerage Was not universally accepted, given that the quantities of excreta polluting the rivers and the wasting of nutrients valuable to farming. So there were lots of supporters of 'dry conservancy'. 1 successful promoter was that the Reverend Henry Moule.

a) Among his fancy flushing baths, made in 1863. The contents of this fixed pan underneath the seat led to some trough, in which they were blended with a rotating screw and dragged down a chute. The model remained on sale until the 1930s.

b) A later style of 1873 was considerably simpler: the brass handle was dragged up to draw on the hopper forward and release soil into a bucket below the chair hole.



In The late 19th century, over 100 large towns and cities launched schemes for the collection of faeces from families and its supply as fertilizer. However, the recycling of human excrement never became profitable.


A bathroom pail for systematic Shipping and collection, made by a Frenchman, Pierre Goux. After emptying, it was repacked with three inches of absorbent material in the side and four inches at the bottom. The pail was utilized in northern British cities and army camps in the 1870s.

All Illustrations on this page are from David J Eveleigh, Bogs, Baths and Basins: The Story of Domestic Sanitation, Sutton Publishing, 2002.


Simplified Sewerage with standard pans for sitting or squatting has become more widely deployed in urban environments in the past couple of decades. However, where any form of sewerage is impracticable and too expensive, 'on-site' flushing toilets - here is now--combining the personal demand for a location to 'go' and a method of excreta storage or removal--would be the only option. Various variations of 'dry' and 'wet' have been developed in recent decades, in a brand new explosion of toiletary invention. Except where human excreta are valued in agriculture, 'wet' is almost always favored, though, used correctly, 'dry' need not smell.


An Ancient modern home flushing toilet, devised in Vietnam in the 1950s. It is for people that collect excreta for fertilizer in areas with a high water table, in which dug pits may lead to pollution. The above-ground compartments for your shit--urine is diverted to a pot--shouldn't be big since faeces alone do not occupy much space. This can be seen as the first eco-san toilet: many other brighter versions now exist.

The Two compartments are coated by a urine-diverting squatting slab. When one is full, its drop-hole is covered and sealed, and another used instead. After a year, the composted faeces--now completely inoffensive and safe--are eliminated through the door.


The VIP is today's aristocrat of stand-alone 'ironic' flushing toilet homes for rural areas in Africa and a few other water-short areas of the world (Uzbekistan, China and Afghanistan have taken it up, but not South Asia, where 'arid' is less suitable). It was devised in Zimbabwe and originally called a Blair (following a former health secretary). The key is that the vent-pipe, which sucks smells up courtesy of the end, and traps flies aiming for the light. There are variations in construction materials, affecting prices; and also in pit amounts and eco-refinements. The cost of a solidly built VIP (over $200) can be a problem.



The Sanplat is a far more basic affair, also in different variations--a few of which include vent-pipes--is today's brand chief for cheap 'ironic' flushing toilets in Africa. It is made of a moulded slab, either in thin concrete or reinforced vinyl, with a drop-hole and fitting plug, fabricated for as little as $2. The plastic version (more costly) can be carried home in your head. Slab and cover are put over a pit in a ventilated cubicle or surrounded by a brush fence and left open to the sky.



This 'wet' toilet with a bowl and water-seal has been Assembled in public cubes to alter everyday lavatorial life for millions of Indians in urban slums. For a family, the flushing toilet - read more is pricey ($200 or more, depending upon materials) as Well as necessitating a great deal of space. Simpler versions in polished cement (just the Pan and slab, a water-seal version of the sanplat) are fabricated in village Production centres in parts of India and Bangladesh, and are purchased by countless Of clients to be used over a single pit, for as little as $8.